The Moral Individual

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The Moral Individual is about living life successfully and happily in this world. It is about the principles necessary to live life to the fullest, achieving and being all one can be, enjoying the ecstasy of life fulfilled.

There Are No Shortcuts: On The Path To Success and Happiness

The purpose of your life is to enjoy it! Whenever I say that, someone always asks, "how do you know that is the purpose of your life?"

No Subconscious

It is very important to understand that there is nothing injecting thoughts into our minds, especially not some absurd idea of some consciousness we are not conscious of.

Magic Thinking: Disastrous Substitutes For Correct Thinking

Some criticism of the article, "Correct Thinking: Basic Principles Of Clear Reasoning," reminded me of one danger anyone seeking to think correctly will be faced with. I call it, "magic thinking," which is any of a multitude of things people believe or teach as substitutes for clear correct thinking.

Correct Thinking: Basic Principles Of Clear Reasoning

Your life is yours to live as you choose to live it. Assuming you don't want to live a life of misery and failure, you must choose to live your life in a way that will achieve success and happiness. To do that, however, you have to know how to live that kind of life and how to choose to do what is necessary to achieve that success.

Two Moral Principles: Knowledge and Reason

Since the purpose of moral principles, or ethics, is to guide human choice and behavior that will lead to success and happiness, rather than human failure and misery, it is important to understand why such principles are needed and the foundation of such principles.


Ayn Rand made two lists of virtues, one published in The Virtue of Selfishness, the other unpublished in her Journal, in a section called, "The Moral Basis Of Individualism."

Changes To The Moral Individual

A number of changes have come to The Moral Individual.


Jamaica had just run out of her house to keep from crying, and she would have cried if she hadn't done it. She hated to cry. She ran to the little park and into the woods at the end of it and had almost reached the log she usually sat on when she saw someone was already sitting there. It was a boy and he was reading a book and didn't even notice when Jamaica appeared.


All religion is absurd and much of it is dangerous. An honest and clear-headed examination of any religion demonstrates that whatever aspects of it depend exclusively on its teachings have no rational basis and fly in the face of all reason and evidence.

Miss Libertarian's Pets

She kept spotted platitudes for pets,
As many people do,
'Cause they're easier to keep and feed,
Than ideas of what is true.

She had great multitudes of beasts,
Of every stripe and hue,
There were adages, and quips galore,
As well as maxims blue.

She had proverbs and aphorisms, though pests,
And a bromide or twain,
Even memes and dictums both pithy and witty,
All vacuous and inane.

She was proud of her menagerie,
Though borrowed by the ton,
She showed them off as trophies, though,
She never, herself, caught one.

An Atheist's Defence of Christianity

I seldom read book reviews, and would not have read the one entitled, "Suicide of the West," if it had been written by anyone other than Theodore Dalrymple.

Hated—The Individualist In a Collectivist World

If you choose to live your life as an independent individualist, holding your life and your love of it as your highest purpose, desiring and seeking nothing but the best in all things, unwilling to sacrifice any good to any evil, which means, unwilling to subordinate any aspect of your life to any other or any aspect of another's life to yours, you will find yourself an alien in this world.

Dismal Economics

Economics is not philosophy and it is certainly not science. What exactly economics studies is a good question, but there are plenty of academics and professors who provide magnificently turgid explanations of exactly what it might be.

Banality Verses Romanticism

By banality I mean that view of life dominated by the prosaic and mundane, the view that sees life itself as a "problem" to be solved.

Amoral NAP

NAP is not a moral principle. NAP is a social/political concept that has no practical application.

Ethical Principles

I do not like to coin new words, but the temptation is very great when the words available for identifying the concept one wishes to address are so corrupt. The corrupt words I mean here are, "ethics," and, "morality," which both are supposed to identify principles by which one ought to live.


When someone asks a question like, "Are Humans More Valuable Than Animals?" it is obvious the one asking the question has no idea what values are.

Morality and Freedom

Only a moral society is a free society.

The Exceptional

It is not the common, "just like everyone else," average members of society or, "the community," that are significant in this world, and no scheme of education, social programming, community organization, empathy, teamwork, or politics will ever produce the only thing of true importance in this world, the exceptional individual.

NIP verses NAP

I have no desire to coin a new term, as so many political theorists and activists do. My use of the acronym, NIP, is only a rhetorical device to contrast the true moral relationship between individuals to the very narrow and morally baseless concept libertarians call NAP.

Controllers, Meddlers and Individualists

You may think of this as a manifesto, A Declaration of Independence of Free Individuals from All Controllers and Meddlers. But do not worry, the free have no interest in interfering in your lives or activities, our only relationship to you is defensive. Individualists will never attempt to upset your schemes or interfere in your plans. This is a declaration of independence, not a declaration of war.

Egoists and Anti-egoists

Here is a recent quote I found on a site promoting liberty:

"Definition: the State is government that has been corrupted and taken over by the ego-driven."

NO. The state is government and all governments consist of ego-haters, and all ego-haters are corrupt.

The Sociable Animal

I recently discovered this quote: "Humans are social beings and discovered long ago that social cooperation is the greatest means for attaining human needs and aspirations."

The Lowest Animal

I have been scientifically studying the traits and dispositions of the "lower animals" (so-called), and contrasting them with the traits and dispositions of man.

Sentimental Journey

Academia, politics, and the horde of pseudo-intellectuals that dominate the media, the arts, and religion are always at war with reason, the intellect, and truth.

The Stuff of Life

Ray and Christy showed up just before eleven Friday morning. After my hug and kiss, Christy went to join Julie in the kitchen. Ray and I went out to the patio.

Nature of Consciousness

I never did learn how Julie managed to be at Ray and Christy's yesterday. She didn't drive herself, because she accepted a ride home with me.

Only Individuals

The following is a response I received to my recent article, "What Is an Individualist."

The Taste of Cinnamon

It had been almost a month since I last saw or even heard from the LePages, so was pleased when Julie brought the phone and announced, as she handed it to me, "it's Mr. LePage."

Conversations With Raymond: Irony

It had been a couple of months since Raymond and Christy had last visited. I was delighted when Julie announced I had a call from Mr. LePage.


I was once asked what I thought the difference between knowledge and wisdom is. At the time, I declined to answer. I know what knowledge is, but "wisdom" means so many different things to so many I was not sure the word could be adequately defined. I'm still of the opinion the word, as generally used, is mostly ambiguous.

Libertarianism, Economics, and Other Absurdities

It is not generally very useful in philosophy to address every wrong or mistaken view of various philosophers that have gained acceptance or popularity, especially among those who style themselves intellectuals or academics. From the beginning, with the exception of a few bursts of brilliance, the history of philosophy has been plagued with sophism, mysticism, and baseless rationalism. It would take a lifetime to even begin to address all that has been wrong with philosophy.

Bright Future

I don't make predictions, because no one can know the future, though the world is full of authorities and experts who are sure they do know it.

The Nature of Consciousness

By consciousness I mean perception, which is the only kind of consciousness we or any creature has. Physical existence is that existence we are directly conscious of, the world we see, hear, feel, smell, and taste. By perception, I mean the seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling, and tasting as well as interoception (the direct perception of internal states).

The Nature of Life

At the physical level, life is manifest as a process. Every action of the purely physical (non-living) must be started and stopped in relationship to other physical existents (including internal components of machines, for example). The life process differentiates living organisms from the merely physical, because it is self-generated and self-sustained, that is, nothing outside the life process itself starts it or or sustains it.

What Is Freedom

I have for a long time been convinced, though most people claim to embrace and desire freedom, they do not really know what freedom is, and mean something different by it than I mean, or America's founding father's, meant by it.


Knowledge begins with consciousness. I do not mean that consciousness is itself knowledge, but that if we are to know anything we must first be conscious of it. It is not enough just to be conscious, however, if it is to be capable of providing us knowledge. If what we are conscious of is not totally reliable and valid, no knowledge is possible.

Ontology—A Brief Introduction

Ontology is the branch of metaphysics which deals specifically with the nature of material existence. Ontology is foundational to both the nature of consciousness (perception) as that which consciousness is conscious of and epistemology as describing the fundamental nature of that which all knowledge is knowledge of.

To My Skeptical Friends

In my previous article, "Gullibility and Skepticism," I wrote: "Most knowledge is simple and absolute. The cat is either in the closet or it isn't. Looking in the closet provides absolute knowledge of which it is. It was this kind of idea that Da Vinci probably had in mind when he said, 'to see is to know.'"

Gullibility and Skepticism

I have to admit I am a bit disappointed that more skeptics did not respond to my article, which is really research on the question of why so many people hold what seems to me to be an extreme skeptical or cynical view, to the extent that they say, "nothing can be known for certain," or, "nothing can be proved true."


Most people who accept the evolutionary hypothesis do so because they rightly reject any mystic explanation for life and its species (e.g. creation or intelligent design) and evolution is the only other plausible explanation to the question of where life and the species came from they can imagine.


By science I mean what is generally meant by, natural science, which includes physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, and medicine, and only includes those aspects of those sciences which are rigorously and definitely established without possible controversy. I identify these as true science.

A Priori

There is no such thing as a priori knowledge.

The term, "a priori," supposedly refers to knowledge that can be derived by reason alone without reference to any evidence. It is used in contrast to, "a posteriori," which is knowledge derived by reason from actual evidence. It is usually assumed that, "a priori," is inborn, either explicitly or latently.


The purpose of this article is to provide a somewhat fuller introduction to the nature of knowledge. It may be thought of as an introduction to epistemology.


One of the least well understood aspects of human nature are the emotions, yet the feelings are terribly important. The confusion about what the emotions are, why we have them, and how they are to be understood and dealt with is due in no small measure to the pseudo-science, "psychology," (not to be confused with neurology, which is a real science).


The human mind is that aspect of human consciousness unique to humans and no other organism. All animal behavior is determined by instinct, all human behavior is determined by the human mind.


Instinct is the automatic pattern of behavior with which all animals are endowed except human beings.

Objective Ethics for Freedom and Happiness

There is not much point in being free if one has no idea how to live successfully. I think freedom would terrify most people. It is not necessarily their fault. Most people have lived their entire lives within societies dominated by oppressive governments and have no experience with true freedom.

What Will You Do With Freedom?

Almost none of the liberty-minded people I talk to actually intend or expect to be free during their life-time. They argue about what freedom means, what rights are, and what kind of society a free society ought to be. They debate economics, ethics, and politics. They have a million schemes for, "promoting freedom," and clamor to be part of every liberty-oriented program, seminar, rally, retreat, meeting, and movement. They know that none of these schemes are going to work; they don't expect them to actually make them free. If they really expected to be free, if they thought freedom was imminent they'd spend their efforts deciding what to do once they were free.

A Superficial Choice

We all know politics is mostly superficial. Since we are going to be saddled with one brand of superficiality or another, and, like it or not, will not be able escape it short of becoming hermits, I thought it would be interesting to know which brand of superficiality people preferred.

Decent People Matter

Although there are more decent people than any other kind, they are seldom recognized and one seldom hears about them. It is because decent people are not featured in main stream media news. They do not cause trouble, do not commit crimes, and seldom do anything that would call attention to themselves.

Art, Censorship, and Morality

The main point of Wendy McElroy's recent article, "Freedom of Art Is a Prerequisite of Morality," is in opposition to censorship of art.

Moral Defense And The Use Of Force

Presuming one has made oneself into a being worth defending and has produced something of value to prevent loosing, of course defense and protection are real values; but defense and protection do not equal the use of force, and in most cases do not require the use of force.

What's Wrong With NAP

What's wrong with NAP? The same thing that is wrong with the Ten Commandments.

Gullible II—Critical Thinking

This article deals with only one concept by which, not only the freedom-oriented, but almost everyone who is interested in what is true and right, has been taken in—the so-called concept of, "critical thinking."


One of the most baffling phenomena in the modern world is the gullibility of that small class of people who regard themselves as "freedom-oriented:" the libertarians, the Objectivists, the various flavors of self-styled anarchists, the anti-staters, the egoists, and voluntaryists.

Reality—An Introduction to Philosophy

Everyone has a philosophy. Most could not identify their philosophy or explain what it is. One's philosophy is all one believes about the nature of reality, what one assumes life is, the value they put on knowledge and the ability to reason and what they think knowledge is and how they believe they ought to relate to others, and most of all, what they think the purpose of their life is and what they are living for.

Religion And Freedom

H.L. Mencken said: "I believe that religion, generally speaking, has been a curse to mankind—that its modest and greatly overestimated services on the ethical side have been more than overcome by the damage it has done to clear and honest thinking."

Untrue Things People Believe: Science

Science is the objective study of physical existence. About one tenth of one percent of what is called science is actually science.


The man was acting very peculiarly. He looked peculiar too. He was not tall, perhaps five seven, and had on a brown suit, brown soft hat, brown shoes and a striped green and yellow tie. He would have looked like a typical well-dressed businessman—if it had been 1955.

Real Freedom Fighters

I am coming 'round to the idea that real fighters for liberty do not cluster, do not congregate, do not organize, do not form groups, do not muster their numbers, do not fight against the collective, and do not rally to make themselves count. Exceptionally, they come to the support of one another in unequivocal battles in defense of individual freedom. As a matter of course, they defend themselves, upon their own responsibility, from the aggressions of the collective.

Who Can Be Free?

Wendy McElroy has posted a comment from one of her readers on her blog concerning the impossibility of fixing government tyranny by passing more laws. On that point the writer is correct.

Libertarians Verses Everyone Else—Numbers

Sometimes it is good, merely for the sake of perspective, to stand back and see where one's own views and positions stand in relation to society as a whole. The following statistics have been gleaned from several sources and are not meant to be authoritative, but only to provide a general picture of where libertarian views stand in relation to others in the United States.

Psychological Flaws, Corruptions, Errors, and Wrong Premises

Unfortunately, almost all that goes by the name Objectivism today embraces, in some form or another, both hedonism and subjectivism which contradict all of Objectivist ethics.

Untrue Things People Believe: Anthropology

Literally, anthropology means the study of man, but it is not a study of the nature of man like physiology or neurology, or even the philosophical nature of man, as the rational animal, and it is not the study of what men have done, like history, or of man's accomplishments such as in the sciences and technological. It is not even a study of the great and important men which a study of the more significant biographies might be. Anthropology may best be thought of as the study of every failed, irrational, backward, and ignorant human culture, society, and practice in history.

Untrue Things People Believe: Sociology

Sociology, is a pseudoscience, like psychology, and evolution. Unlike psychology and evolution there is no science at all associated with it.

Black Swan

The so-called "Black Swan" problem has always been one of my favorites. For me it represents one of those so-called philosophical problems invented by various sophists, such as Protagoras or Zeno. But the black swan problem is not really a sophistic argument at all. It is simply a huge mistake. The wonder of it is that so many otherwise brilliant minds could have been taken in by it.

Untrue Things People Believe: Environmentalism & Ecology

Environmentalism, like psychology and evolution, is a pseudo-science. It is put over as a science, and, since most people's scientific knowledge is minimal, it is able to claim outrageously unscientific things and get away with it. Most notably, so-called anthropogenic (man-made) global warming.

Untrue Things People Believe: Evolution

Was man created? No! Did man evolve? Nobody knows, though that is the hypothesis being promoted in academia and the political world, and accepted as received truth by every pseudo-science, such as environmentalism, psychology, and sociology.

Untrue Things People Believe: Repression

I've addressed the question of repression in both the Desires article and the article, Repress, Repress, Repress. Here I want to emphasize the great danger and very real harm that is caused by the completely wrong-headed idea propagated by psychologists that repression is bad.

Untrue Things People Believe: Emotions

We certainly have emotions and they are very important. They are, in fact, necessary for our enjoyment of life. Unfortunately the emotions are not a source of enjoyment for most people, because what most people believe about them is not true.

Conversations With Raymond: Conflicts

I called Raymond on Monday to ask if he and Christy could come to lunch the following Saturday.

When he answered the phone he sounded like he expected bad news.

Ayn Rand, Beauty, Love, and Tenderness

One great anomaly in the fiction of Ayn Rand, who held that romantic love is the greatest ideal of man, is that her depiction of love expressed physically is very wrong.

Untrue Things People Believe: Psychology

Psychology, which is the study of human consciousness, or the mind, is a very important discipline that unfortunately got off on the wrong foot, so to speak, and has never recovered. What goes by the name psychology today is as wrong and as superstitious as alchemy was or astrology still is.

Why Trump Is Winning

If you think there is some esoteric philosophical, social, or political explanation for Donald Trump's political success it is probably because you have fallen for the great political lie that politics actually matters

Atlas Shrugged: A Model for Individualist Revolution

Revolution is not the theme of Atlas Shrugged, the theme is rebellion, a rebellion of men against the chains of slavery, chains they had themselves made and given to their masters. The result of that rebellion is a revolution, but revolution is not the purpose of the rebellion.

Ayn Rand's Mistake

Sometime in late 1940 or early 1941, Ayn Rand began efforts to form an "individualist" movement that would counter the growing collectivist, socialist, and communist movements active in those years. She expended a huge amount of time and energy on this "project" which she firmly believed would bring a kind of counter-revolution and restoration of individual liberty and free-market culture to America.

Child Independence

There is an amazing article, in, of all places, The New Yorker, How People Learn to Become Resilient, by Maria Konnikova. I have very little use for psychologists, but this article is truly an exception.

Untrue Things People Believe: Constitutions

I am only concerned with the American Constitution, but many other constitutions around the world are modeled on the American one and this will apply to them to some extent as well. The American Constitution begins with a lie ...

Repress, Repress, Repress

Psychologists tell us one of the great human problems is "repression."

Untrue Things People Believe: Contracts

A contract is a documented agreement between two or more parties (individuals or corporations) that is legally binding.

Anarchism and Society

The following are the words of anarchist, Emma Goldman. They are a description of America and the American government, and the society resulting from it. Though published in 1934, the description would require little change to make it an up-to-date description of America today.

Untrue Things People Believe: Corporations

Corporations are another kind of organization. Unlike other organizations, corporations are not formed by their members, or any people at all. Corporations actually exist to hide or at least protect any real people associated with them.

Ayn Rand's Ethics

I regard Ayn Rand as a friend, not in the sense of an acquaintance, but in the sense of being an individual of like mind and soul. I regard individualism as the ultimate virtue, and a self-sufficient individual as the kind of human most worthy of my respect and love.

Valentine Flowers for Every Girl

Hayden Godfrey is a man after my own heart.

"Hayden Godfrey, a 17-year-old student at Sky View High School in Smithfield, Utah, passed out carnations to every girl at school—all 834 of them!—on Thursday."

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Unions

Labor unions are organizations that supposedly help workers have more success as employees. In fact unions only "help" employees who cannot (or will not) improve themselves and their position by their own effort while harming the truly competent and ambitious. Unions are essentially gangs that achieve whatever they achieve by intimidation and threats.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Money

Money is a tangible representation of one's independence, the symbol of his productivity, as well as a means to freedom itself.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Practical Freedom

By, "practical freedom," I mean identifying what it is you want to do and achieving the conditions in which you are free do it. Freedom means being able to do whatever you choose to do without the interference of any other individuals or human agencies, including government. If you are able to do whatever you choose, you are free.

Fugitive From Asteron: A Review

Fugitive From Asteron is Gen LaGreca's third published novel, but the first that she wrote. I've been looking forward to it since I had an opportunity to see a very early draft. It has been worth the wait.

"A science fiction adventure story for young adults and the forever young," she describes it, but it is much more than that. It is a grand picture of two opposites: a world of totalitarian oppression versus a world of individual freedom.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Harry Browne's Freedom Principles

Harry Browne defines freedom as living your life as you want to live it. He claims that you can enjoy a high degree of freedom right now. He indicates that:

Hoping to be free, many people engage in continual social combat—joining movements, urging political action, writing letters to editors and Congressmen, trying to educate people. They hope that someday it will all prove to have been worthwhile.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: About Freedom

Sometimes the nature of property is included in the concept of freedom, because property represents the product of one's chosen work and effort. The principle is: one's freedom to produce and keep the product of one's effort is as necessary to one's life as freedom itself. If one is unable to keep what one has produced, one is not free. The principle is correct, but is subsumed in the definition of freedom itself, since keeping and preserving ones property are both actions one must be free to perform.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: What Is Freedom?

I was recently criticized for not accepting Ayn Rand's definition of freedom. The criticism is correct. I do not accept Ayn Rand's definition of freedom, and neither does anyone else, because she never provided one.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Principles

Principles describe or explain aspects of reality that are universal and absolute. Universal means they are true in all cases where the principles apply. Absolute means they are invariable and not contingent on anything else.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Individualists

Freedom is only possible for independent individualists. Whatever others mean by freedom, true freedom pertains only to individuals, there is no such thing as "collective freedom," and only the independent are truly free—dependence is the opposite of freedom.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Teams

The "team" concept is ubiquitous in business, education, politics, and most organizations. It's supposed purpose is to facilitate cooperation between individuals for the achievement of some common purpose or goal.

Is there anyone who does not believe this idea and does not repeat it themselves? It sounds so good. If we all just work together as a team, we can achieve anything.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Only For Individualists

If it is truly freedom you want, then an individualist you must be. I am not, however trying to encourage anyone to be an individualist if that is not their own choosing. I do not, in fact, believe it is possible to make someone who is not an individualist become one, or even want to.

Everybody's Different

"Everybody knows smoking is harmful to your health." Here's the problem with what everyone knows. It's almost always wrong. It is almost a principle that if everybody, or almost everybody, believes something it is probably not true.

Freedom and Individualism Notes: Individual Freedom

Those who believe that freedom or liberty is theirs, just because they were born, might like to ask themselves sometime, why they have a right to anything they have not produced or earned by their own effort. They do not have to ask that question of course, and I'm not encouraging them to, it's only a suggestion.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Organizations

"Independence is the only gauge of human virtue and value. What a man is and makes of himself; not what he has or hasn't done for others. There is no substitute for personal dignity. There is no standard of personal dignity except independence." [Ayn Rand, "For the New Intellectual—The Fountainhead," "The Soul Of An Individualist"]

Most people believe the opposite of this. They believe human virtue and value are determined in some collective sense, by what one has, "contributed to society," or what they mean to other people, or by what they are associated with. There is in most people a belief they must be associated with something to have any real value or purpose, and this belief becomes an emotional need to, "belong." There a many specific reasons why people join organizations but the overwhelming one is the "need" to be accepted and recognized.

Conversations With Raymond: Art And Culture

I thought I heard a motorcycle and it sounded like it stopped just outside. In a few minutes Julie ushered Christy into the kitchen. She was beaming as usual.

"Ray's running a little late," she said while removing her leather jacket and draping on the back of one of the chairs. "He said to apologize for him, but I won't," she laughed while giving me her customary hug.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Government

The purpose of these articles is to demonstrate that most of the things most people believe are not true, that they not only believe them but take them for granted as unquestionable facts. The necessity of government is one of those things people take for granted.

Why Do Most People Believe What Is Not True?

I think the most quoted words about, "rights," at least in The United States, are these from The Declaration of Independence:

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."

While I've heard these words hundreds of times, I've never heard the words, "How did Thomas Jefferson know that?"

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Penal Law

Penal law is sometimes called criminal law, which is law that defines both what constitutes crime and the penalties or punishments that pertain to particular crimes, and how they are to be prosecuted. This chapter is only about laws pertaining to the punishment or prosecution of crime.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True:
Real Law Versus Man-Made Law

Real Law which I've also referred to as the "laws of reality" are the principles that describe the nature of reality. Those principles determine what an individual must do and how one must live to live successfully and happily in this world.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Natural Laws

Most people have never heard of the concept of 'natural law,' and are apt to confuse it with what are called 'the laws of nature.' The difference is very important.

The laws of nature are principles determined by the nature of reality itself and include all scientific principle, such as those of physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine. They also include those principles that are determined by the nature of things such as life, consciousness, and the human mind. It is because these laws are determined by reality that I call them the laws of reality.

Conversations With Raymond: What's Important

The last time Ray and Christy came for lunch, we had been discussing art. I had asked Christy if she thought art was important which she declined to answer because she thought the real question was, "what is important?"

We had agreed to continue our discussion the next saturday, but I knew the following Wednesday was a holiday, so I invited them both for breakfast. They arrived at 9:00.

Social Chaos

This four part article is meant to be read in conjuction with the article, "Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Laws". The theme is that all government laws reduce social chaos by imposing a distructive uniformity on society that by its very nature distroys everything good.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Laws

The word law is a bit ambiguous because it is used to identify two very different things. It is sometimes used to mean principles, especially the principles of science. It is not this use of the word law that is of interest here.

All other laws are the inventions of human beings. Most man-made laws are government laws, but there are others coming from religion or other ideologies.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Patriotism

Most Americans identify themselves as patriotic Americans. They may not use the same word, but almost all people in whatever country they were born and raised identify themselves as patriotic, whether patriotic Greeks, or Thais, or Russians, or Koreans. (Perhaps not if they were born in North Korea, although publicly they better not admit it.)

Conversations With Raymond: Art

Our discussion had been a continuation of our discussion of beauty which turned to the subject of art. It was Christy who had brought it up actually. At was at that time that we adjourned from the kitchen to the dining room where Julie had set the table for lunch. I had prearranged the seating so that Ray and Christy would be seated next to each other with Christy next to the corner at the head of the table where I sat. I did not even try to hide the fact that I was in love with her. You may not understand that, but Ray should have.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Duty And Honor

Both "duty" and "honor" have good and important meanings. This fact makes the way both these word are usually used very deceiving and very dangerous. I will explain the true meanings first.

The True Meanings of Duty and Honor

Duty means an obligation. If one has a duty to do something, it means they are morally obligated to do it. The only moral obligations one has to others is to never interfere in anyone else's life and keep all of ones promises. There are no other "social" moral obligations. There is one other thing a person is obligated to do if they choose to live happily and successfully in this world and that is to be the best possible human being they can be in all things, physically, intellectually, and morally. There are no other human duties and every attempt to saddle anyone with any other supposed duty is a form of oppression.

Honor implies honesty, but it actually means that aspect of human nature that requires honesty. Honesty does not mean never lying, it means never attempting to fake reality and never attempting to gain anything: wealth, position, or reputation, by means of intentional deception or evasion of the truth. It is immoral to be dishonest with others, but the greatest harm dishonesty does is to one's own conscious awareness that one who is dishonest is a cheat and a fake who has violated that unforgiving sense of honor that produces an inescapable sense of guilt.

Still Lying

I have no use for Islam, the most backward of all religions. It keeps its adherents in abject ignorance, oppresses its women, rejects all advanced cultural achievements, and is characterized by followers who do horrible things in its name.

Does that mean that all Muslims are evil? No, there are Muslims that are probably not a threat to anyone, because they are bad Muslims, Muslims who do not follow the teachings of Islam very well. It is the good Muslims that are evil, because they have completely submitted themselves to Islam's laws and teachings.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Justice

Justice is the relationship between one's choices and actions and the consequences of those choices and actions. The consequences of one's actions are always just so long as those consequences do not involve any interference by other human beings. I will call this, "real justice," because when there is no human interference, reality alone determines the consequences of one's actions. Reality penalizes all wrong acts and rewards all right ones. Right acts are those that conform to the nature of reality. Wrong acts are those in defiance of the nature of reality.

Almost all popular views of what justice means are contradictions of real justice. All political justice not only contradicts real justice but defies it.

Conversations With Raymond: Beauty Again

Julie brought me the phone and said it was Mr. LePage, whom you know as Raymond, or Ray.

"Hi Ray. What's up?" Raymond almost never calls me unless he wants something.

"Sorry to bother you, Regi. I promised Christy I'd find out when we can have another talk. I was wondering ...."

I didn't give him time to finish. "All you had to say was that Christy wanted to see me, Ray. She can come any time she chooses, uninvited. She can even drag you along if she chooses. How about Saturday, or today if she likes," I teased.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True: Rights

Everyone knows everyone has rights, but no one can say exactly what rights are. The founders of the United States described rights as something humans are endowed with by God: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." [Declaration of Independence]

There are many in the United States who truly believe rights are actually provided by God, that without God there would be no rights, and that to deny rights is essentially a denial of the God that gave them.

Most Of What You Believe Is Not True

"The majority of men prefer delusion to truth. It soothes. It is easy to grasp. Above all, it fits more snugly than the truth into a universe of false appearances—of complex and irrational phenomena, defectively grasped." [H.L. Mencken, The Anti-Christ]


"The average man never really thinks from end to end of his life. The mental activity of such people is only a mouthing of cliches. What they mistake for thought is simply a repetition of what they have heard. My guess is that well over 80 percent of the human race goes through life without having a single original thought." [H.L. Mencken, Minority Report]


I might have entitled this article, "collectivism," except that collectivism is sometimes used to describe a particular political view. What I want to emphasize is the way all individuals regard others which is either a collectivist view or an individualist view.

Islam Never Has To Be Taken Seriously

It is absolutely true that most Muslims are not terrorists, and most do not support terrorism. It is also true that those Muslims who do not support terrorism are bad Muslims. The Koran teaches that a good Muslim must kill all non-Muslims that refuse to become Muslims or at least submit to Muslim law (Sharia).

No More Philosophy

There will be no more explicit philosophy on The Moral Individual site: first because Ayn Rand said, "Never Take Any Of It Seriously," and, second, because H.L. Mencken explained why no one is interested in it. Of course Ayn Rand never meant philosophy itself was not to be taken seriously, but that whoever understands true philosophy never has to take anything else seriously.

Why Lie?

Here's a lie: "The politically correct crowd just got a great American novel banned."

It is a New York Post headline. The truth would not have had the same emotional impact. The whole article is an attempt, not to convince people by means of reason, but by appeal to their feelings.

Conversations With Raymond: Beauty

Ray and Christy arrived a little earlier than I expected, because Ray has a tendency to just barely meet schedules. It was Christy who had made sure they were on time.

"Hope we're not too early," Ray said as they strolled out to the terrace.

"More like on time, for a change," I said.

Not Just Idiots, but Blithering Idiots

H.L. Mencken said: "So long as there are men in the world, 99 percent of them will be idiots...." [Letter to Upton Sinclair, 14 Oct (17), The New Mencken Letters [1977], edited by Carl Bode, p.76]

When one of these idiots goes to a university and gets a degree he doesn't recover from his idiocy, he becomes, instead, a blithering idiot, often one that writes political columns.

As evidence I present the recent Huffington Post article written by their Washington Bureau Chief, Ryan Grim, "Dear Islamophobes: Your Racism Is Putting Us All In Danger."


Many Internet sites supposedly dedicated to the principles of individualism, individual freedom, and even certain related philosophical principles, have devolved into blogs; mostly with links to stories about all the horrible things the government or the police are doing while the continuous worldwide Muslim atrocities pretty much miss their notice, strangely enough.

Conversations With Raymond: Be Prepared

Ray called earlier in the week and asked if he could bring Christy with him for our Sunday lunch which we had previously scheduled. They arrived about eleven thirty.

What Is "It?"

What is the "it" that must never be taken seriously? If you have read the article, "Never Take Any Of It Seriously," you may have the impression that it is only politics that never has to be taken seriously. It is actually much more than that.

Conversations With Raymond: Love and Atheism

Raymond knows I work during the week, and unless I've invited him, he seldom shows up on his own except on weekends. I knew something must be up when he came around early Wednesday morning. I was still having breakfast and asked him if he'd like some. When he said no, I knew it was serious.

Conversations With Raymond: Who Ray Is

I've written about some of these conversations before. Those conversations did not explain much about Raymond or my relationship with him. Since I intend to record more of our conversations I thought it best to explain a little more about how they came about.

Some Free Individuals

For many years I've been convinced that no freedom movement will ever be successful but that freedom is possible to anyone who is willing to seek it. Freedom, in fact, is only possible to individuals who free themselves.

Richard Reiben Obituary

Richard died of heart-related problems while visiting one of his most-loved places on earth, Malaysia.

Never Take Any Of It Seriously

In case you don't know who said, "Never take any of it seriously," it was the author and philosopher, Ayn Rand.

What she actually said, or wrote, was: "We never had to take any of it seriously, did we?" [Dagney Taggart to John Galt in [Atlas Shrugged "Part Three / Chapter I Atlantis"]

Who Is We?

What you believe and how you conduct your life is no one else's business, as long as you mind your own.

How We Know

This Foreword pertains only to the online version of this critique of Dr. Harry Binswanger's How We Know: Epistemology on an Objectivist Foundation. [Please see the Introduction.]

I have chosen to make this book available online because I wish to find out if anyone is interested in philosophy, or more precisely, the truth. This book may be considered a predecessor to my complete philosophy which will be entitled, Philosophy If You Want It, which will not be published online, and if no interest is shown in the current book, will most likely not be published at all.

Notes On Tathagatagarbhaianism

Most Tathagatagarbhaianists are, in spite of their great seriousness, rather casual about terminology. Except when writing academic papers, an event so rare there is no record of it ever having happened, most do not refer to themselves as Tathagatagarbhaianists, but rather as Tathists, based on the diminutive of Tathagatagarbha, Tath.

The Wisdom of Tathagatagarbha

The one true God...I've been accused, more than once, of being an atheist. I'm not an atheist. I just don't believe in your God.

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—Since 2004