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Literature, Books, Authors
This reference page is part of the, "Book," section of Freedom Strategies. It is included as a reference because knowledge is the most important resource there is for achieving one's freedom and enjoying one's life.

"Knowledge And Work," is "The Only Path To Success And Happiness," and knowledge is not possible without learning, and there is no more affective way to learn than reading and no one can learn much of what there is to learn without reading.

Of course, the whole purpose of reading is not didactic. Reading opens up entire worlds of ideas, knowledge, experience, even if vicarious, and stimulates one's own imagination and inspiration unknown to those who do not read. Not reading is depriving one's self of the most enjoyable and fulfilling of all intellectual pleasure after creative thinking.

Outside Sources

The following links are to sites listing various reading resources. They are not provided as recommendations but as, "menus," of what is available to feed a hungry mind. You must use your own judgment guided by your own values and tastes to choose what to read. These resources can only tell you what is available.

Recommended References

The Chambers Dictionary: Truly one of the most interesting dictionaries you can buy. Not only is it one of the best sources for obscure and rare words, it is known for its wry sense of definitional humor (e.g. eclair: "a cake, long in shape but short in duration"). Note to American readers: Chambers is a British dictionary, and favor British pronunciation and spelling.

Dictionary of Word Origins: John Ayto's etymological dictionary is widely considered the best of its kind. For each of 8000 common English words, he discusses its origin and usage as well as related (cognate) words. Truly a monumental effort for one man, it belongs on every bookshelf in the English-speaking world.


Reader's Digest Illustrated Reverse Dictionary: Don't be put off by the "Reader's Digest" bit. This is an invaluable and unique resource indeed. Have you forgotten the name for a thing, but remember some general term that's part of its definition? Look up the general word, and find all the related terms. For instance, look under "door" to find "lintel - a beam over a door".


Rand McNally Historical Atlas of the World: A very slim volume which nonetheless encapsulates five millennia of human history in dozens of maps. While most historical atlases tend to be ridiculously expensive, this one is very reasonable and has all the information any non-historian would need. Very highly recommended for journalists and university students.

Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary: A remarkable and inexpensive unabridged dictionary, weighing in at over 2200 pages and at least 15 pounds. Not only a dictionary, it also includes encyclopedia-style information on a wide range of places, people and events. Very good information on word origins. Very strongly recommended for American readers.

Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary: A unique concept: a combined atlas and dictionary. Place names of the world are arranged alphabetically and described in detail, including location, population, and extensive historical information. In addition, it contains literally hundreds of detailed maps of countries, US states, Canadian provinces, and so on.


The Timetables of History: A year-by-year reference describing the important events of world history, one line apiece, organized chronologically. An excellent way to compare what was happening in various fields of activity throughout the world at any given time, and also a remarkable reference if you're looking for the date of a single event.

The Chicago Manual of Style The Chicago Manual of Style is the ultimate authority and resource for all writers and publishers.

The Elements of Style Free online version of Strunk and White's Elements of Style. Indispensable for all writers and publishers.

The following lists of authors are not to be considered recommendations. These are authors this reader has found value in, even when difficult to read or containing views contrary to my own, because they helped expand my own horizon of possible ideas, both good and bad, and because they enriched my own intellectual experience.

One always learns from what one reads, but none of these authors are listed as didactic, but rather as an intellectual banquet to be enjoyed. Nevertheless, this is a minimal list of authors one should be familiar with. There are literally hundreds of other authors one should read in history, science, philosophy, and literature generally. This is a starter list.

[NOTE: Links are to Project Gutenberg for free versions of authors books. The Gutenberg page includes a link to a wiki description of the author and works. When no, "free," versions of an author's works are available, or when the Gutenberg offering is limited, a "Buy," link, and, "Wiki," link will be added. The Free Individual provides these links only as a convenience and has no connection with any book sales.]

Louisa May Alcott
•Kingsley Amis, [Lucky Jim], [Buy], [Wiki]
Sherwood Anderson
Jane Austen
Honore de Balzac
•Simone de Beauvoir, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Saul Bellow, [Buy], [Wiki]
Stephen Vincent Benet
Ambrose Bierce
Anne Bronte
Charlotte Bronte
•Pearl S Buck, [Buy], [Wiki]
John Bunyan
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Samuel Butler
•Erskine Caldwell, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Albert Camus, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Truman Capote, [Buy], [Wiki]
Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson]
Willa Cather
Miguel de Cervantes
Geoffrey Chaucer
G. K. Chesterton
Wilkie Collins
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Joseph Conrad
James Fenimore Cooper
Stephen Crane
•Roald Dahl, [Buy], [Wiki]
Daniel Defoe
Charles Dickens
Denis Diderot, [Buy]
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Theodore Dreiser
•Daphne Du Maurier, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Lawrence Durrell, [Buy], [Wiki]
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Alexandre Dumas
George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)
•William Faulkner, [Buy], [Wiki]
Edna Ferber, [Buy], [Wiki]
Henry Fielding
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Gustave Flaubert
•Ian Fleming, [Buy], [Wiki]
Ford Madox Ford
E. M. Forster
•Romain Gary, [Buy], [Wiki]
Andre Gide, [Buy]
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Nikolai Gogol
Maxim Gorky
•Graham Greene [Buy], [Wiki]
Thomas Hardy
Nathaniel Hawthorne [•Index]
•Robert A. Heinlein, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Joseph Heller [Buy], [Wiki]
•Mark Helprin, [Buy], [Wiki]
Ernest Hemingway, [Buy]
Hermann Hesse, [Buy]
Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr., [•Autocrat], [•Venner]
William Dean Howells
Victor Hugo
Aldous Huxley
Washington Irving
Henry James
•Dorothy M. Johnson [Buy], [Wiki]
Franz Kafka
•Jack Kerouac [Buy], [Wiki]
•Stephen King, [Buy], [Wiki]
Rudyard Kipling
Ring Lardner
D. H. Lawrence
•C. S Lewis, [Buy], [Wiki]
Sinclair Lewis
Jack London
H. P. Lovecraft
•Andre Malraux, [Buy], [Wiki]
Katherine Mansfield
Christopher Marlowe
•Gabriel Garcia Marquez, [Buy], [Wiki]
W. Somerset Maugham
Guy de Maupassant
George Macdonald
Herman Melville
H. H. Munro (Saki)
•Vladimir Nabokov, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Joyce Carol Oates, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Flannery O'Connor, [Buy], [Wiki]
•John O'Hara, [Buy], [Wiki]
O. Henry (William Sydney Porter)
•George Orwell, [Buy], [Wiki]
Dorothy Parker, [Buy], [Wiki]
John Dos Passos
•Boris Pasternak, [Buy], [Wiki]
Edgar Allan Poe
Katherine Anne Porter, [Buy], [Wiki]
Alexanader Sergeyevich Pushkin, [Buy], [Wiki]
Ayn Rand. [Reference]
Rainer Maria Rilke, [Buy], [Wiki]
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
•Salman Rushdie, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Antoine de Saint-Exupery, [Buy], [Wiki]
•J. D. Salinger, [Buy], [Wiki]
George Sand, [Buy], [Wiki]
•William Saroyan, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Jean-Paul Sartre, [Buy], [Wiki]
Dorothy L. Sayers, [Buy], [Wiki]
Sir Walter Scott
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
•Nevil Shute, [Buy], [Wiki]
Upton Sinclair
Gertrude Stein, [Buy], [Wiki]
•John Steinbeck, [Buy], [Wiki]
Robert Louis Stevenson
Harriet Beecher-Stowe
Jonathan Swift
William Makepeace Thackeray
•James Thurber, [Buy], [Wiki]
J. R. R. Tolkien, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy, [Buy], [Wiki]
Anthony Trollope, [Buy], [Wiki]
Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens), [Buy], [Wiki] [Letter From Earth]
•John Updike, [Buy], [Wiki]
Jules Verne
•Gore Vidal, [Buy], [Wiki]
Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet)
•Kurt Vonnegut, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Evelyn Waugh, [Buy], [Wiki]
H. G. Wells
Edith Wharton
Oscar Wilde
P. G. Wodehouse
•Tom Wolfe, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Thomas Wolfe, [Buy], [Wiki]
Virginia Woolf, [Buy], [Wiki]
Philip Wylie, [Buy], [Wiki]
Emile Zola

Anton •Chekhov
•Lillian Hellman, [Buy], [Wiki]
Henrik Ibsen
Ben Jonson
William Shakespeare
George Bernard Shaw
Oscar Wilde
•Thornton Wilder, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Tennessee Williams, [Buy], [Wiki]


William Blake
Robert Burns
Lord, George Gordon Byron
Anton Chekhov
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
e. e. cummings
John Donne
T. S. Eliot
Robert Frost
John Keats
Edward Lear
Mikhail Lermontov, [Buy], [Wiki]
Vachel Lindsay
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Edna St. Vincent Millay
John Milton
Ezra Pound
Christina Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
George Sand, [Buy], [Wiki]
William Shakespeare
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Ivan Turgenev
Walt Whitman
William Wordsworth

Science Fiction/Fantasy

•Douglas Adams, [Buy], [Wiki]
Poul Anderson, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Isaac Asimov, [Buy], [Wiki]
Alfred Bester, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Ray Bradbury, [Buy], [Wiki]
Edgar Rice Burroughs
•Arthur C. Clarke, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Michael Crichton, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Philip K. Dick, [Buy], [Wiki]
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
•Ralph Ellison, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Robert A. Heinlein, [Buy], [Wiki]
•C.S. Lewis, [Buy], [Wiki]
•George Orwell, [Buy], [Wiki]
Robert Louis Stevenson
Jules Verne
•Vernor Vinge, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Kurt Vonnegut, [Buy], [Wiki]
H. G. Wells


Agatha Christie, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Raymond Chandler, [Buy], [Wiki]
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle •Ian Fleming, [Buy], [Wiki]
•Dashiell Hammett, [Buy], [Wiki]
•P. D. James, [Buy], [Wiki]


The Thousand and One Nights

Young Readers

Louisa May Alcott
Hans Christian Andersen
Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson]
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm—(Brothers Grimm)
Rudyard Kipling—[Just So Stories from Free Individual, Online, Download]
A. A. Milne, [Buy], [Winnie-the-Pooh]
James Whitcomb Riley [Poems Of Children]
Robert Louis Stevenson, [A Child's Garden of Verse]


James Boswell
Winston Churchill
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Benjamin Franklin
Samuel Johnson
H. L. Mencken
Michel de Montaigne
Thomas Paine
Samuel Pepys
Henry David Thoreau
Alexis de Tocqueville

Some Authors Not Recommended

It is not up to anyone to decide what is best for anyone else. The following authors are among those I've discovered take a great deal of effort to read while providing very little of value to the reader. Nevertheless, everyone is different, so regard these as warnings to be very discerning if you choose to read these authors.

William S. Burroughs
James Joyce
Thomas Mann
Anais Nin
Marcel Proust
Marquis de Sade
Hunter S. Thompson

[NOTE: This page is a work-in-progress. There will be frequent additions and updates, so check in often.]

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