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The subjects of liberty and freedom have filled the history of all human inquiry and literature. The purpose of this page is list the names of those who are regarded as the most important advocates of freedom.

A serious study of the history of all views on freedom makes it obvious there is never a clear unambiguous definition of what freedom actually is. The disagreements about freedom's actual meaning is reflected in the disagreements in how it is to be achieved. With rare exception, all views of freedom regard it as a kind of, "condition," or, "state"—in particular, a social state in which individuals are, "free." But even within those limits there is no complete agreement on what being free means, and freedom advocates can be classified by the particular view of freedom being emphasized.

There are certain concepts that recur in all freedom discussions that dominate each of the different views of freedom. Among them are:

Anti-coercion—This is the view of Libertarians and Objectivists that one is free so long as no other individual or human agency uses force or the threat of force to coerce anyone to do or not do anything. Ideologically, it forbids all uses force, except for self-defence, as a moral principle forbidding all crime and slavery. There is no practical means of implementing the principle so always devolves into a political (government) ideology.

Rights—This is the view that human beings have certain claims on things simply because they were born. Life and property are frequently listed as, "rights," as well as, "freedom." This view does not explain what freedom is, but frequently identifies what are called specific, "freedoms," like freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion, for example.

Individualism—This view correctly identifies freedom as pertaining only to individual choice. It does not explicitly identify the relationship between individual choice and individual responsibility and, unfortunately, almost always devolves into a justification of subjectivism and hedonism.

Economics—This view equates freedom with economic freedom or, "free markets." A, "free market," is what you have with no government interference, but all social/economic policies are based on some form of government. All economic idologies are self-contradictory.

Anti-state—This view regards all forms of government as coercive agencies which have no other purpose or function than the limiting of freedom.

The methods of achieving freedom espoused be each author is determined by their view of freedom. The one mistake made by them all is the belief that freedom is some kind of social condition that everyone has a right to and that the means to freedom is whatever can make a society the kind of, "free," society they would like it to be.

Freedom is a good thing. For human beings it is a necessity of life as much as food and knowledge are necessities of life. No one is born with a claim on anything, however, no matter how good or necessary it is. There is no more a right to freedom than there is a right to food or a right to education.

The six categories under which the authors and their works are organized are not meant to categorize the authors themselves. Most authors wrote about many different aspects of freedom. In most cases, the category reflects what the authors themselves claimed or emphasized in their own writing.

[NOTE: Please see the, "'Freedom,' Site Reviews," page for links to hundreds of online freedom and liberty oriented sites.

Authors
Works

Classical/Historical

Lord Acton (John Emerich Edward Dalberg Acton Lectures on the French Revolution
The History of Freedom, and Other Essays
Lectures on Modern history
Anti-Federalist Papers [Many authors] Anti-Federalist Papers
Anti-Federalist Papers
The Federalist Papers by –Alexander Hamilton, –James Madison, and –John Jay The Federalist Papers
The Federalist Papers [Read Online from Free Individual]
The Federalist Papers [Download from Free Individual]
William Godwin [Wiki] Caleb Williams; Or, Things as They Are
Memoirs of the Author of a Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Thoughts on Man, His Nature, Productions and Discoveries
Enquiry concerning Political Justice, and its Influence on General Virtue and Happiness
Grimke sisters The Grimke Sisters
Thomas Hobbes [SEP] Leviathan
Rose Wilder Lane Discovery of Freedom, Man's Struggle Against Authority
Give Me Liberty
Henry Ford's Own Story
Free Land
John Locke [Wiki] Treatise of Government—Book I, Book II
Second Treatise of Government
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding, Volume 1
An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding, Volume 2
John Stuart Mill [Wiki] On Liberty
Utilitarianism
Considerations on Representative Government
Principles of Political Economy
Socialism
A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive, 7th Edition, Vol. I
A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive, 7th Edition, Vol. II
Thomas Paine The Rights of Man, Part I
The Rights of Man, Part II
Common Sense
The Writings of Thomas Paine, Complete
Isabel Paterson The Shadow Riders
The Magpie's Nest
The Singing Season
The Fourth Queen
The Road of the Gods
Never Ask the End
1934. The Golden Vanity
1940. If It Prove Fair Weather
The God of the Machine
Jean-Jacques Rousseau [SEP] The Social Contract & Discourses
The Confessions of Jean Jacques Rousseau
Emile
Adam Smith [SEP] An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations
The Essays of Adam Smith
The Theory of Moral Sentiments
Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy in America—Volume 1
Democracy in America—Volume 2
American Institutions and Their Influence
Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman A Vindication of the Rights of Men Maria; Or, The Wrongs of Woman

Economics/Laissez Faire/Capitalism

Douglas R. Casey Strategic Investing
The International Man
Right on the Money
Speculator (High Ground)
Drug Lord (High Ground)
Frederic Bastiat [Wiki] The Bastiat Collection
David D. Friedman [Wiki] The Machinery of Freedom, A Guide to a Radical Capitalism
Title
Milton and Rose Friedman Capitalism and Freedom
Free to Choose
Title
Henry Hazlitt Economics in One Lesson
Thinking as a Science
Foundations of Morality
Conquest of Poverty
Time Will Run Back: A Novel
More books
F. A. Hayek [Wiki] The Road to Serfdom
Choice in Currency
The Constitution of Liberty
Robert Higgs The Transformation of the American Economy
Competition and Coercion: Blacks in the American Economy
Against Leviathan: Government Power and a Free Society
Depression, War and Cold War: Studies in Political Economy
Neither Liberty Nor Safety: Fear, Ideology, and the Growth of Government
Delusions of Power: New Explorations of the State, War, and Economy
Hans-Hermann Hoppe The Great Fiction—Property, Economy, Society, and the Politics of Decline
Democracy: The God That Failed A Short History of Man: Progress and Decline A Theory of Socialism and Capitalism: Economics, Politics, and Ethics What Must Be Done The Myth of National Defense Fallacies of the Public Goods Theory and the Production of Security
Stephan Kinsella [Mises] International Investment, Political Risk, and Dispute Resolution: A Practitioner's Guide
Law in a Libertarian World: Legal Foundations of a Free Society
Against Intellectual Property
Rockwell Articles
Carl Menger Principles of Economics
On the Origins of Money
Principles of Economics
Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences
Ludwig von Mises Human Action
The Theory of Money and Credit Liberalism: In the Classical Tradition The Anti-Capitalistic Mentality Nation, State, and Economy Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis Liberty and Property
Gustave de Molinari [Mises] The Production of Security
George Reisman Capitalism [Not free]
Joseph Salerno Works
Thomas Sowell Basic Economics: A Common Sense Guide to the Economy
Black Rednecks & White Liberals
Conflict of Visions
Vision of the Anointed
Inside American Education
Ethnic America
Conquests & Cultures
Knowledge and Decisions
Walter E. Williams [Wiki] American Contempt for Liberty
Race and Economics: How Much Can Be Blamed on Discrimination?
Up from the Projects: An Autobiography
Liberty versus the Tyranny of Socialism
More Liberty Means Less Government Our Founders Knew This Well
Do the Right Thing: The People's Economist Speaks
South Africa's War Against Capitalism
All It Takes Is Guts
America: A Minority Viewpoint
The State Against Blacks

Objectivism

Tibor Machan Online Works
The Libertarian Alternative
The Libertarian Reader
Individuals and Their Rights
Putting Humans First: Why We Are Nature's Favorite
Individuals And Their Rights
Classical Individualism: The Supreme Importance of Each Human Being
Neither Left nor Right: Selected Columns
Ayn Rand
Objectivity: Recovering Determinate Reality In Philosophy, Science, And Everyday Life
Education in a Free Society
Ayn Rand Books

Individualism, Egoism

Harry Browne How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World
Inflation-Proofing Your Investments
Why the Best-Laid Investment Plans Usually Go Wrong
Why Government Doesn't Work
Fail-Safe Investing: Lifelong Financial Security in 30 Minutes.
H.L. Mencken George Bernard Shaw: His Plays
The Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche
A Book of Burlesques
In Defense of Women
Damn! A Book of Calumny
The American Language
The American Credo
Notes on Democracy
Treatise on the Gods
A Mencken Chrestomathy
Max Stirner [Wiki] The Ego and His Own [Also Here]
Henry David Thoreau Index of Works of Henry David Thoreau with direct links to: Walden, On the Duty of Civil Disobedience, Walking, A Plea for Captain John Browjn, Wild Apples, A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, Cape Cod, The Maine Woods, Excusions and Poems, Familiar Letter, Journal, and Caneing in the Wilderness.

Libertarian, Classical Liberalism

Randy E. Barnett Our Republican Constitution: Securing the Liberty and Sovereignty of We the People
Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty
The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law
Walter Block [Mises] Defending the Undefendable
The Privatizationof Roads and Highways
Building Blocks for Liberty
David Boaz Libertarianism : a Primer
The Libertarian Mind
The Libertarian Reader: Classic and Contemporary Writings from Lao Tzu to Milton Friedman
James Bovard [Mises] Hooligan
Attention Deficit Democracy
Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty
Freedom Frauds: Hard Lessons in American Liberty
Roy A. Childs [Wiki]
Objectivism and the State—An Open Letter to Ayn Rand
The Invisible Hand Strikes Back
Jacob G. Hornberger [FEE] The Omnipotent Power to Assassinate
Economic Liberty and the Constitution
Roderick T. Long Works
Robert Nozick [Wiki] Anarchy, State, and Utopia
Philosophical Explanations
The Examined Life
The Nature of Rationality
Socratic Puzzles
Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World
Ron Paul [Home] Freedom Under Siege
The School Revolution: A New Answer for Our Broken Education System
Matt Ridley The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves
Do Humankind's Best Days Lie Ahead
Genome
The Evolution of Everything
The Red Queen
The Agile Gene
How Innovation Works
Nature via Nurture: Genes, experience and what makes us human
Jeff Riggenbach Why American History Is Not What They Say
Murray Rothbard [Wiki] For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto
Man, Economy, and State, with Power and Market
Power and Market: Government and the Economy
What Has Government Done to Our Money?
America's Great Depression
Anatomy of the State
History of Money and Banking in the United States: The Colonial Era to World War II
Thomas Szasz [Szasz] The Myth of Mental Illness
Completel Reference
Joan Kennedy Taylor [Wiki] Reclaiming the Mainstream: Individualist Feminism Rediscovered
Carl Watner [Voluntaryism] Works

Anti-government, Anti-state, Anarchism

Mikhail Bakunin [Revolt Library] God and the State
Stateless Socialism: Anarchism
The Paris Commune and the Idea of the State
The Immorality of the State
Bryan Caplan

Anarchist Theory FAQ
The Myth of the Rational Voter
Selfish Reasons to Have More Kids
The Case Against Education
Open Borders: The Science and Ethics of Immigration
Early Writings
Emma Goldman [FI] Works
Anarchism and Other Essays
Marriage and Love
Was My Life Worth Living?
Anarchism: What It Really Stands For [Polish translation by Valeria Alexandrova]
Patriotism: A Menace to Liberty
Samuel Edward Konkin III [Agorism] New Libertarian Manifesto
Agorist Class Theory
An Agorist Primer
The Last, Whole Introduction to Agorism
Pyotr Kropotkin [Wiki] The Conquest of Bread
The Terror in Russia
Words of a Rebel
Memoirs of a Revolutionist
The State: Its Historic Role
Ethics: Origin and Development
Errico Malatesta Anarchy
Stefan Molyneux [Online] Practical Anarchy
Everyday Anarchy
On Truth
The Handbook of Human Ownership
Against the Gods?
Albert Jay Nock [Wiki] Memoirs of a Superfluous Man
Our Enemy, the State
Lucy Parsons I Am an Anarchist
The Life of Albert Parsons
"A Word to Tramps", The Alarm
The Principles of Anarchism
The Voice of the People will yet be Heard
1905 Speech to the IWW
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon [Anarchy] What Is Property?
The System of Economic Contradictions
Lew Rockwell [Mises] [Home] Against the State
Fascism versus Capitalism
Speaking of Liberty
The Left, The Right and The State
R.J. Rummel Death by Government
Lysander Spooner Vices are NOT Crimes
No Treason, Vol. VI.: The Constitution of No Authority
Natural Law, Or The Science Of Justice
Let's Abolish Government
An Essay on the Trial by Jury
The Unconstitutionality of Slavery by Lysander Spooner
The Usurpations and Crimes of Lawmakers and Judges
The Consequent Poverty, Ignorance, and Servitude Of The People
Colin Ward [RevoltLib] Anarchy in Action
Anarchism as a Theory of Organization
Harmony through Complexity

Fiction

Robert A. Heinlein Methuselah's Children
The Past Through Tomorrow
The Cat Who Walks Through Walls
Space Cadet
Red Planet
The Door into Summer
Stranger in a Strange Land
Farnham's Freehold
The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
List Of Works
George Orwell Burmese Days
A Clergyman's Daughter
Keep the Aspidistra Flying
Coming Up for Air
Animal Farm
Nineteen Eighty-Four
Down and Out in Paris and London
The Road to Wigan Pier
Homage to Catalonia

Education

John Taylor Gatto Underground History of American Education
Dumbing Us Down: The Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling
Weapons of Mass Instruction: A Schoolteacher's Journey through the Dark World of Compulsory Schooling
Sheldon Richman [FEE]
Opposing the Crusader State
War Communism to NEP: The Road From Serfdom
Separating School and State: How to Liberate America's Families
—(03/14/2021)
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